For family businesses, planning for succession is one of the biggest and most critical challenges they will face. However, it can also be a great opportunity to maximise opportunities and implement a structure that will allow the business to continue trading whilst staying true to its original values and ethos for generations to come.

Co-operative Development Scotland director Sarah Deas discusses some of the issues family businesses need to consider when looking at their succession options, and why employee ownership can sometimes be the most effective exit strategy for family businesses that want to remain rooted in their local community.

11/12/15 - 15112301 - SCOTTISH ENTERPRISEGLASGOWSarah Deas

“In a family firm, the first choice is almost always to sell to family. However, that’s not always an option if the next generation has chosen a different career. Indeed, the Scottish Family Business Association found that only 33% of family firms reach second generation and only 9% make it to the third; despite this, more than half of family businesses have no succession plan in place.  According to our research, 16,000 employers in Scotland will be looking to transfer ownership in the next five years – and employee ownership can be a very successful exit strategy.  Selling a company to its employees, or implementing an employee share plan, can boost productivity, increase employee engagement, and keep the company in the community.” 

“Employee ownership can be a very successful exit strategy for family businesses.  It allows the vendor to exit on their terms, whilst retaining jobs and rooting the business in its community. It is also an effective way to drive business performance; selling a company to its employees, or implementing an employee share plan, can increase employee engagement, boost productivity and drive growth.

“Some good examples of family businesses which have successfully transitioned to EO include agricultural supplier Galloway & MacLeod and technical textiles manufacturer Scott & Fyfe.

“We are seeing a growth of interest in employee ownership year-on-year, keeping us on track for achieving our aspiration of a tenfold increase in employee in Scotland over a ten year period.  Since 2009, the number of employee-owned businesses headquartered in Scotland has more than doubled tripled. 

“Seeking early advice increases the range of options open to a business owner. Scottish Enterprise offers a free Succession Expert Support service, available to all Scottish businesses.” 

For more information on employee ownership and how it could benefit your business, get in touch for a chat with one of our expert advisers.


Fife-based care provider Paramount Care has joined the growing number of employee owned businesses in Scotland with all 26 staff members becoming shareholders.

Set up in 2000 by nurse Ruth Smyth who had a vision of a personalised care service that placed people at its heart, Paramount Care operates throughout Fife, Tayside, Perthshire and Clackmannanshire. Working across the public and private sectors, its team of fully trained carers deliver a range of care services both within people’s homes and within residential care homes.

When it came to exploring succession options for the business, the obvious route was to sell Paramount to another care firm, however, Ruth feared that the ethos her company was built upon would be lost.   We spoke to Ruth to find out more…

Ruth - colour

“I founded Paramount with the aim of providing a personal and approachable care service, where clients or employees wouldn’t have to call bases in locations like London or Birmingham whenever they had a query.

“It was never about dropping into people’s homes and doing the minimum in order to fit in as many clients as possible, but about providing a high quality of care with close and trusting relationships between carers and clients. I felt that these qualities, which set Paramount apart from larger care firms, could be compromised if it was bought over by one of them.

“Furthermore, the Paramount team have been very loyal to me and I wanted to repay that loyalty. By selling it to an Employee Ownership Trust, Paramount Care can continue operating as an independent company rooted in the local area, run by people who care about it as much as I do.

“An Employee Ownership Trust will buy shares from our shareholders and hold these on behalf of the employees, and tax incentives will be available to allow employees to invest in the company.

“Paramount’s future is now in the hands of people who understand the importance of great care and will ensure the company continues to go from strength to strength whilst delivering the high standards of care that we’re renowned for.”


This year the International Co-operative Alliance Global Research Conference took place at the University of Stirling on 21-23 June.  Co-operative Development Scotland (CDS) made sure it was in the mix by organising a special session focusing on innovation in Scottish co-operatives.

The session, which included presentations and wide-ranging discussions, was open to invited members of Scottish co-operatives as well as conference delegates. It was opened by CDS director Sarah Deas and was organised and facilitated by CDS specialist advisor Martin Meteyard.

We caught up with Martin to recap on the event and learn more about success of the co-operatives that are driving innovation in Scotland.

Crinan Canal Festival 2011 gratis editorial image

The Crinan Canal Water Festival which takes place in Argyll

“First up to speak was Carron Tobin of Argyll and the Isles Tourism Co-operative (AITC), who took us through how a number of businesses on the West coast of Scotland came together as a consortium co-operative to promote the second largest geographical area in Scotland as a must visit destination. AITC represents the interests of around 1,200 businesses and has so far pulled together partnership funding of more than £750,000 for core costs, capacity building and marketing.

“Another consortium co-operative, Terrier Risk Partners (a winner in this year’s Collaboration Prize), was also featured in a video highlighting its approach to dealing with the hot topic of cyber security.

“Next up were Pablo Perez Ruiz and Nathan Bower-Bir from Edinburgh Student Housing Co-operative (ESHC), which provides 106 bed spaces to students across the city and is just completing its third year of operations. Despite offering by far the cheapest student rents in the city, its model of collective self-management – with members building up skills so that they now handle most of the upkeep and repairs – means that it is now recording a surplus of around £50,000 a year and looking to take on further properties.  Significantly, a number of ESHC members are looking to continue living/working in co-operatives once their tenancy ends.

“A co-op providing studio space to graduating artists is already operating successfully, with brewing and landscape architecture co-ops also on the horizon. It’s a great omen for the future of co-operation.

“Then came a focus on how ‘community shares’ are allowing members of the public to invest in the community benefit society model of co-operative. Video and slide presentations highlighted two very different but equally innovative examples: GlenWyvis whisky distillery in Dingwall, which has raised £2.5m; and Strontian Community School Building, whereby over £150,000 was raised to help build a new primary school which will then be leased to Highland Council.

“Finally, just to demonstrate innovation right across the spectrum of different co-operative sectors in Scotland, Bob Yuill, deputy chief executive of the Scottish Agricultural Organisation (SAOS), told the story of how the co-op driven ScotEID digital database system has allowed livestock farmers to take control of their own data for the first time.

“In two hours we could only provide a taster of how co-ops in Scotland are innovating, but it certainly impressed both conference delegates and those attending from our own co-operative movement.”

For more information about co-operative business models, please get in touch and we can arrange for you to speak with one of our expert advisors.

The Power of Partnership: People Make it Happen

Two of the UK’s most significant businesses are coming together to tell the story of how partnership working delivers exceptional results.

Aquascot is a salmon processing firm based in Alness in Easter Ross. The company employs 170 people and has a turnover in excess of £46m.  Waitrose is the UK’s most popular supermarket with seven stores in Scotland.  Waitrose’ parent company, John Lewis Partnership, employs 90,000 partners across the UK.

We spoke with Aquascot co-founder Dennis Overton and Waitrose supply chain director David Jones, who also sits on the main board of the John Lewis Partnership as a pension trustee, to find out more about the businesses’ success.

Dennis Overton of Aquascot and David Jones of the John Lewis Partnership

Dennis Overton of Aquascot and David Jones of the John Lewis Partnership

Dennis believes that the UK would be in a healthier position if there were more employee owned companies.  He said, “In an employee owned company, the employees have a stake in the business, meaning they are more likely to be concerned about the longevity of the business. Innovation, productivity and profitability are the keys to that longevity, and, as owners of the business, the employees are aligned with these goals.”

David Jones added: “The John Lewis Partnership became employee owned for commercial reasons. The son of the founder, John Spedan Lewis, believed that if he created a more successful business that reinvested in itself, took a long-term view, gave everybody a voice in how it was run, and actively contributed more to community and society, then more people would want to spend money in his shops.  The company’s results suggest he was right. In a ferociously competitive sector which has seen the demise of brands such as Woolworths, BHS, Comet and others, the John Lewis Partnership brands have not only survived, they have thrived.”

Perhaps the wider business world has something to learn from companies such as Aquascot and Waitrose, and the rapidly growing number of successful employee owned businesses.  As the UK lags behind the other G7 nations in terms of productivity, and ranks only 9th out of 12 for employee engagement levels, new solutions are required. The Ownership Effect Inquiry has been launched to explore the contribution employee ownership makes to productivity and corporate behaviour.  The results will be published in the autumn of this year.

The experience of both Aquascot and Waitrose suggests the findings will be significant. The two companies have consistently demonstrated that putting ownership in the hands of the company’s employees brings commercial success.  That is the power of partnership.

David Jones and Dennis Overton are speaking at a breakfast seminar on 21st July at RBS Gogarburn. This is the third in a series of events on succession planning, for which employee ownership is one of a number of potential solutions.  Places are limited.

To register or find out more, click here.


Newly established social care provider Caledonia Social Care has become Scotland’s latest business to adopt the employee ownership model, launching on EO Day.

With a projected annual turnover of £2.5 million, Caledonia Social Care will focus on care at home support, including the provision of dementia specific services, alongside personal care to older, disabled and vulnerable people.

Alzheimer Scotland will initially be the main investor but plans to hand it over fully to the newly formed enterprise in the future. This is the first time a Scottish charity has transferred one of its service functions into employee ownership.

We caught up with Margaret Paterson, managing director of Caledonia Social Care, to find out more about the move.

Caledonian Social Care, management and staff. L-R - Stuart Robertson, Regional Manager; Margaret Paterson, Managing Director; Derek Oliver, Regional Manager Taken 27-06-17

Stuart Robertson, Regional Manager; Margaret Paterson, Managing Director and Derek Oliver, Regional Manager at Caledonia Social Care

I am thrilled to be officially celebrating the opening of Caledonia Social Care on Employee Ownership Day. Our dynamic employee-owned business model takes forward ownership of many of Alzheimer Scotland’s previous care at home services to support people living with dementia in the community and our staff will be at the very heart of everything we do. As well as delivering care at home services we also offer personalised care to older, physically disabled and vulnerable people to help them remain in their own homes and to live as independent a life as possible for as long as possible.

Employee ownership is particularly suited to the social care sector as it is consistently shown to improve staff engagement and wellbeing, which can lead to better patient experience and outcomes. As owners, employees have a say in how the business is run, and clients and their families are reassured that the business will remain rooted in the area and be run for the benefit of local people.

The launch of Caledonia Social Care will be a real boost to Scotland’s care sector, with an empowered workforce of 150 employee owners, committed to providing an exceptional level of care to 480 clients.

Caledonia Social Care, management and staff. L-R - Ross Wilson, Practice Team Leader; Carol Park, Administrator; Stuart Robertson, Regional Manager; Margaret Paterson, Managing Director; Derek Oliver, Regional Manager; Vicky Hoolihan, Corporate Services Administrator; Kenny Nicholson, HR Leader Taken 27-06-17

Members of the Caledonia Social Care team

If you would like to learn more about employee ownership in relation to your business, please get in touch.


Sarah Deas Discusses EO Day 2017


11/12/15 - 15112301 - SCOTTISH ENTERPRISEGLASGOWSarah Deas

Launched by the Employee Ownership Association (EOA) in 2013, today (30 June) marks the fifth EO Day (Employee Ownership Day) in the UK.  It is a national celebration of the many benefits associated with being an employee owned business, with the aim of raising awareness of the positive impact EO has on the UK economy.  With this in mind, we’re urging more business owners to explore employee ownership both as a viable succession route and as a catalyst for sustainable business growth.

When considering their exit strategy, the motivations for a business owner to go down the employee ownership route tend to focus on a number of key areas, such as rewarding and empowering loyal employees and rooting the business in the local community.

Statistics consistently demonstrate that employee-owned businesses outperform their non EO counterparts in terms of higher levels of profitability, improved business resilience during times of recession, increased productivity and enhanced employee wellbeing.

Recent research showed there are 86 employee-owned companies in Scotland, with approximately 6,800 employee-owners generating a combined turnover of around £925million.  Furthermore, in the last five years the number of employee owned businesses operating in Scotland has trebled, so much so we are forecasting a ‘deal a month’ on average over the next year.

Over a ten year period we aspire to achieve a tenfold increase in employee owned businesses headquartered in Scotland, and with 16,000 employers in Scotland looking to transfer ownership in the next five years, we expect take up to continue accelerating.

Co-operative Development Scotland (CDS) can help you decide on the best model of employee ownership for your business.  If you would like to learn more, please get in touch and have a chat with our expert advisers.


Adopting an employee ownership model can bring a number of benefits to a business. It can be an effective succession solution for an established business, an innovative ownership structure for a start-up, a way of empowering and engaging a company’s workforce, and/or a method of rooting a business in the local area.

Therefore, it is no surprise that employee ownership is becoming increasingly popular, with the number of employee owned businesses headquartered in Scotland trebling over the past five years. EO is still often overlooked however as an ownership structure, and a number of misconceptions regarding the model are potentially contributing to this.

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Here, Co-operative Development Scotland (CDS) director Sarah Deas dispels some of these myths.

Myth 1: The process of becoming employee owned is a complex transaction

“While additional elements such as setting up a trust are required, an employee ownership transaction tends to be more cooperative than a standard business sale as everyone is effectively on the same side. All parties want what is best for the business and its workforce, therefore less time and resources are spent resolving potential conflicts and the transaction is typically completed more efficiently.

“Furthermore, CDS offers a wealth of advice through its expert advisors, who can guide business owners through any perceived complexities throughout the EO process.”

Myth 2: Employees cannot afford to make the investment

“Typically, when a business becomes employee owned, most of the shares are bought on behalf of the employees by a trust. This is usually financed by contributions from the company itself, or a loan that is then paid back by the company. Employees don’t carry any personal liability for the debt assumed by the company in an employee buyout. Furthermore, when the trust pays out bonuses the first £3600 is free from income tax, so is very tax efficient for employees.

“In some cases, employees also have the opportunity to invest their own money in company shares. However, this is a relatively small amount of the share capital.”

Myth 3: Employee ownership is only an option for retiring family business owners or entrepreneurs with no heir

“While this can be a common reason behind employee ownership, some owners may opt for the model despite having a suitable successor in order to repay the loyalty of staff and root the business in the local area. They may trigger an employee buyout a long time before they intend to withdraw from the company, remaining involved in the day to day running of the business for years before retiring.

“An increasing number of companies are choosing employee owned from the outset or as a means to attract, retain and reward staff”.

Myth 4: The vendor will have to sell their business at a lower price

“As they don’t have to negotiate with another business, the seller holds a great deal of control over the process. There is no reason that a carefully considered employee buy-out can’t deliver a fair price in line with the company’s market value.

“With increasing number of businesses choosing employee ownership, specialist finance is now becoming available. Mainstream providers, like the banks, are also becoming more aware and supportive of the model.”

Myth 5: Employees will be more interested in keeping company profits for themselves than investing in the long-term health of the business

“Employees are well informed and understand the importance of investing in the businesses for the long-term. Decisions on bonus and share distributions are carefully considered in this context.

“Evidence shows that priority is given to investment in businesses’ long term success, with bonus and dividend payments being paid at a realistic level.”


Latest figures show that there are 86 employee owned (EO) companies operating in Scotland, with approximately 6,800 employee-owners generating a combined turnover of around £925million. With 12% of SME employers anticipating transfer of ownership in the next five years, it is expected that the take up of employee ownership in Scotland will continue to accelerate.

But what are the reasons behind the rising popularity in an EO structure and would it be suitable for your business? Sarah Deas, director at Co-operative Development Scotland, outlines five key benefits of employee ownership below.

11/12/15 - 15112301 - SCOTTISH ENTERPRISEGLASGOWSarah Deas

Employee ownership is a succession solution

“If you’re a business owner considering the future of your business, employer ownership can provide a solution to managing your exit whilst achieving a competitive price and safeguarding the future of your business. It secures the long-term future of your company, retaining jobs, skills and investment, and is a succession option that should be explored by businesses of all sizes and sectors.”

Employee ownership can drive the performance of your business

“Having a personal stake in the business can significantly boost motivation among employees. Statistics consistently demonstrate that employee-owned businesses outperform their non EO counterparts in terms of higher levels of profitability, improved business resilience during times of recession, increased productivity, enhanced employee wellbeing, and greater desire to innovate.”

The rewards of strong performance are shared with the employees

“Employee ownership is an opportunity to repay and strengthen the hard work and loyalty of staff with financial bonuses such as annual tax-free dividend payments. This incentive can further drive staff productivity and overall profitability as a result.”

Employee ownership roots the business in Scotland

“A businesses that is owned by its employees is more likely to remain rooted in its local community, providing jobs, retaining skills and generating wealth in the local area for generations to come. Businesses which chiefly serve their local communities can also benefit when the owners themselves have a strongly developed knowledge of the area.

Employees are given a greater voice in the operation of the business

“Knowing the company better than anyone else, employees are well placed to give their input on key decisions such as ways to increase performance. As owners, staff feel more involved and engaged with the future of the business, driving job satisfaction and strengthening their commitment to the company.“

If you would like to learn more about how employee ownership could benefit your business, please get in touch.


Following on from our blog announcing this year’s Collaboration Prize winners, we’ll be taking a closer look at each of our winning collaborations over the coming weeks and learning more about their plans for the future. First up is Made in Scotland…

Made In Scotland Collaborative Export Solutions team members

Made In Scotland – Collaborative Export Solutions

Made in Scotland – Collaborative Export Solutions is a collaboration of eleven companies involved in the luxury food and drink sector from across the Highlands and Islands.  By demonstrating particularly strong international ambitions to be delivered via the collaboration, it was awarded a special accolade at the HSBC Scottish Export Awards.

Made in Scotland offers a range of products including salmon, cheese, cakes and charcuterie as well as craft gin, craft beer and whisky. The collaboration will enable member businesses to offer the basket of Scottish produce to lucrative overseas markets by pooling together their resources and experience, both intellectually and financially.

We caught up with Willie Cameron from Made in Scotland who said:  “The idea was to create a route to market for high quality SME producers and to give them the resources like the big boys have that they could not afford as individual business operators.

“The great opportunity is that Scotland as a country is high on the world agenda and that is what we are cashing in on, i.e. both general interest and expats.

“One thing that has been extremely successful in particular is the cross-selling between some of the businesses within the collaboration.  In one instance a partnership has even been created through the purchase of a defunct brewery by two members.  Another venture is the introduction of one of the member’s ice cream products to seventeen outlets of another member.  None of this would have happened if it was not for the collaboration. It also helps to strengthen the bond between the companies.  Collaboration on sales and marketing has also lead to operational collaboration between member companies resulting in cost saving, new product development and in one case an acquisition.

Made In Scotland Collaborative Export Solutions team members

“The Made in Scotland operational and funding model is ground-breaking, not only in Scotland but internationally.  It will drive international opportunities for Scottish-based SME food companies and thus help underpin the Scottish Government’s aspirations to double exports to £17.1bn by 2107.

“It was fantastic news to hear we had won the Collaboration Prize. The money and support will enable us to access expert advice on marketing food and drink on a global scale, as well as allowing us to develop our brand and create a website with e-commerce functionality. This will help us to really get our name and offering out there on a magnitude that would be far more difficult for us to achieve as individual companies.

“Not only does working together enable us to reach an international customer base as a whole, it also encourages us to support each other by highlighting new opportunities that we think will benefit individual members.  By continuing to collaborate, we aim to further boost Scotland’s global reputation as a producer of some of the finest food and drink in the world, hopefully attracting more of the country’s like-minded, quality producers to join us along the way.”

The member businesses in Made in Scotland are:

  • Cobbs, Inverness
  • Cairngorm Brewery, Aviemore, Highlands
  • Shetland Distillery, Shetland
  • R & B Distillers (opening distillery in Isle of Raasay, Highlands, and plans to open one in the Borders)
  • Scottish Salmon Company (offices in Cairndow in Argyll and Bute, Isle of Lewis in Stornoway and Edinburgh)
  • Bute Island Foods Ltd, Argyll and Bute
  • Summer Harvest Oils, Crieff, Perth and Kinross
  • Taste of Arran, North Ayrshire
  • Braehead Foods, Kilmarnock, East Ayrshire
  • Aldomak, Giffnock, East Renfrewshire
  • Bondeau, Glasgow


We’re learning more about this year’s Collaboration Prize winners by hearing about their plans for the future in a new series of blogs.  In this blog we take a closer look at The Start-up Drinks Lab…

The two companies that form The Start-up Drinks Lab – Tongue in Peat and FOAL Drinks – are aiming to work together to solve challenges faced by drinks entrepreneurs in Scotland that result in them having to compromise on quality, cost or location.

Startup Drinks Coop Scotland, L-R Hannah Fisher, Paul Strachan

Hannah Fisher from Tongue in Peat and Craig Strachan from FOAL Drinks

When we caught up with Hannah Fisher and Craig Strachan from The Start-up Drinks Lab, Hannah (founder of Tongue in Peat) said:  “Our main focus is to establish facilities to alleviate the manufacturing challenge created by the limited number of small scale manufacturing options for start-up drink businesses in Scotland.  We plan to do this by offering a full suite of services including product development, manufacturing, packaging and business support as well as providing a small scale bottling facility with pasteurisation, carbonation, capping and canning not currently readily available in Scotland.”

The consortium’s long-term plan includes both market and service expansion. Geographically, it will focus initially on Scotland then expand into the rest of the UK, eventually aiming to grow into Europe and even North America.

“As well as benefitting from the support, manufacturing advice and guidance of Scottish Enterprise, we will use the prize money to pay the first few months’ rental, meaning we can move in and fit out the factory.  Furthermore, we will be able to purchase our first pieces of equipment and engage experts to help fit the facility out to a full operational specification,” added Craig (founder of FOAL Drinks).

Hannah said:  “I met Craig at an Entrepreneurial Spark event where we quickly discovered our businesses faced similar challenges.  We then heard about the CDS Collaboration Prize and decided to enter.

Startup Drinks Coop Scotland, L-R Hannah Fisher, Paul Strachan

“We have often talked about setting up small scale manufacturing facilities to benefit our own businesses but when going through the research process to validate our idea for the competition, we realised we were not alone in this pain point and that many great Scottish brands were forced to go down south to produce, losing that all important ‘made in Scotland’. We felt and continue to feel more passionate everyday about making sure we help Scotland and its produce by giving its producers an accessible platform.”

Craig continued: “Collaboration has been of massive assistance for my own company, FOAL Drinks, and for me personally. The anticipated cost savings by opening the lab will be of fantastic benefit, allowing us to be more competitive and provide our awesome customers with an even better offering.  Furthermore, our regular meetings and focus groups have been given a different perspective and have given us some excellent introductions, especially in the food and drink arena. This will be invaluable going forward and is especially important for start-up businesses.”

The member businesses in The Start-up Drinks Lab are:

  • FOAL Drinks, Glasgow
  • Tongue in Peat, Glasgow